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About stroke

 What is a stroke: A stroke, also known as a cerebrovascular accident (CVA), cerebrovascular injury (CVI), or stroke, is when poor blood flow to the brain leads to cell death. There are two main types: ischemic caused by lack of blood flow and hemorrhagic due to bleeding. These lead to parts of the brain that do not function properly.
Usually, but not always, symptoms appear quickly. If the symptoms last less than one or two hours, then it is known as a transient ischemic attack (TIA). The symptoms of a stroke can be permanent. Long-term complications can include pneumonia or loss of bladder control. Recognize the signs of stroke and act immediately
FACE: Does part of your face hang down when you smile?
ARMS: If you want to raise both arms, is it difficult to do it with one arm?
SPEAKING: Do you speak slurred or pronounce strangely?
TIME: If you notice any of these signs in yourself or someone else, call 112 immediately.
Other signs of stroke are:
Weakness on one side of the body
Numbness of the face
Unusual and severe headache
Loss of sight
Numbness and tingling
Unsafe walk
Starting treatment within a maximum of 3 hours from the first symptoms of a stroke will significantly influence healing, compared to lifelong disability.

Causes that can lead to stroke

     The main risk factor for stroke is high blood pressure. Other risk factors include, but are not limited to, tobacco smoking, obesity, high cholesterol, diabetes, and atrial fibrillation. A stroke is usually caused by a blockage in a blood vessel. A hemorrhagic stroke is caused by bleeding, either directly in the brain or in the space surrounding the brain. Bleeding can occur due to a brain aneurysm. Diagnosis is usually made through medical imaging such as a CT scan or MRI scan along with a physical examination. Other tests such as electrocardiogram (EKG) and blood tests are performed to determine risk factors and rule out other possible causes. Low blood sugar can cause similar symptoms.

Prevention of stroke

  If you know that there is a risk factor that affects your health and predisposes you to a higher risk of stroke, you can take certain measures to reduce the effects of that risk.
Before the stroke occurs, it is good to take into account:
Blood pressure – should be as low as possible
High blood pressure is the main cause of a stroke, both in women and men”.
High blood pressure is an important factor, which doubles or even quadruples the risk of stroke if it is not kept under control. Blood pressure monitoring is the best attitude you can adopt towards your health. Goal: Keep your blood pressure below 120 (maximum) and 80 (minimum).
How to reach him:
Reduce salt to no more than 1.5 grams per day (approximately half a teaspoon).
Avoid foods rich in cholesterol, such as burgers, fatty cheese and ice cream.
Eat 4-5 servings of fruits and vegetables every day, two to three times a week and a few servings of whole grains and low-fat dairy products a day.
Get more exercise—at least 30 minutes of activity every day, or even more if you can.
Quit smoking.
Lose weight
Obesity, as well as the complications related to it (including high blood pressure and diabetes), increase the chances that you will have a stroke. If you are overweight, lose at least 5 kg, which can considerably reduce the risk of having a stroke .
Objective: To maintain the body mass index (BMI) at a maximum of 25.
How to reach him:
Limit or avoid saturated and trans fats.
Try not to eat more than 1,500 – 2,000 calories a day (depending on your body mass index and activity level).
Increase the physical activity you do by practicing activities such as walking, running, aerobics or tennis daily
Do more exercises
Exercise contributes to weight loss and lowering blood pressure, but it is also an independent factor in reducing the risk of stroke. If you walk 3 hours a week, you have a lower risk of having a stroke. Objective: Do high-intensity exercises moderate at least 30 minutes, five days a week.
How to reach him:
Take a walk around the neighborhood every morning after breakfast.
When you exercise, continue until you start breathing harder, but you can still speak (moderate physical activity).
Take the stairs and not the elevator
If you don’t have 30 consecutive minutes to do exercises, divide them into sessions of 10-15 minutes distributed throughout each day.
Drink alcohol in moderation
If you consume alcohol in moderation, there are fewer chances of having a stroke. Studies show that if you drink a glass of wine a day, the risk may be lower. Objective: Consume alcohol in moderation.
How to reach him:
Drink a glass of wine a day.
Make red wine your favorite choice because it contains resveratrol, which is considered a heart and brain protective factor.
Pay attention to the size of the glasses. A standard drink means a 150 ml glass of wine, a 350 ml pint of beer or a 50 ml strong glass.
Treats atrial fibrillation
Atrial fibrillation manifests itself in the form of irregular heartbeats that favor the formation of blood clots in the heart. These clots can then travel to the brain, causing an ischemic stroke. Atrial fibrillation increases the risk of stroke by approximately five times and must be treated with great care.
Objective: If you suffer from atrial fibrillation, treat the problem.
How to reach him:
If you have symptoms such as heart palpitations or difficulty breathing, go to the cardiologist for a consultation.
Doctors will give you indications regarding this treatment.
Treats diabetes
The presence of a large amount of sugar in the blood over time damages the blood vessels, making it more likely that clots will form inside them.
Objective: To keep your blood sugar level under control.
How to reach him:
Monitor your sugar level according to the indications received from the doctor.
Follow the diet, do exercises and take pills to keep your blood sugar level within the recommended limits.
Quit smoking
Smoking accelerates the formation of blood clots in different ways. It thickens your blood and increases the amount of plaque deposited on the arteries. Objective: To quit smoking.
How to reach him: With will
Don’t give up. Most smokers go through several failed attempts before giving up. You have to take each failed attempt as a step closer to beating the habit. Control your anger
Aggressive and nervous people are at high risk of having a stroke.

Allopathic treatment for cerebrovascular accident

Aspirin, statins, surgery to open brain arteries in people with narrowing, and warfarin in people with atrial fibrillation. A stroke often requires emergency care. An ischemic stroke, if detected within three to four and a half hours it can be treated with a medication that can break the clot Some hemorrhagic vascular accidents benefit from surgery.

Natural treatment for stroke

The treatment for the recovery of lost functions is called rehabilitation after a stroke and takes place, ideally, in a stroke treatment unit; however, they do not exist in many parts of the world. Among the natural remedies Deniplant, Imuniplant Tea and Neuropolen have proven to be very effective in post-stroke recovery Black tea, Green tea, Ginger tea Eat lots of fruits and vegetables, they contain antioxidants, nutrients that help maintain the elasticity of the arteries. Eat salmon, mackerel, sardines, fish that contain Omega 3 fatty acids, very useful in the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Opt for lean meat (chicken, turkey), unrefined vegetable oils (olive oil, sunflower oil, corn oil, grape seed oil ). Consume reasonable amounts of cheeses and prefer skimmed or semi-skimmed dairy products. It is preferable to have a high-fiber diet, a predominantly vegetarian diet (vegetables, fruits, whole grains), a diet that helps lower cholesterol (dietary fibers reduce the absorption of dietary cholesterol in the intestine ), helps to improve atherosclerosis and lower blood pressure.